Annotated Bibliography: An Overview and Example

This document provides an overview of the elements contained within an annotated

bibliography. An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, journal articles, and

documents that provides an account of the research that has been done on a given topic. Like any

bibliography, an annotated bibliography is an alphabetical list of research sources. In this course,

we will use the American Psychological Association (APA) style. In addition to bibliographic data,

an annotated bibliography provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its

value or relevance. The first step in creating an annotated bibliography is to locate and record

citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your

topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items and choose those works that provide a variety of

perspectives on your topic. Once you have selected your articles, you can then proceed to create your

annotated bibliography. There are generally four major sections to an annotated bibliography:

1. The citation (i.e., the reference) according to the appropriate citation style (MLA, APA, etc.);
2. A brief (about 150 words) summary of the article that summarizes the purpose of the article, the

central theme and scope of the article, and the findings—all which shows among other things that

you have read and thoroughly understand the source;

3. Salient quotes from the article (usually a minimum of two quotes no more than three sentences
long):

4. A short (about 150 to 200 words) reflection on the article that provides a concise summary of
that article’s value or relevance to your research. Questions to consider answering in your

reflection may include the following:

a. Is the article useful for your study? Explain why or why not.
b. What did you, or did you not, agree with?
c. What intrigued you about the article?
d. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the article?
e. Did the article raise any questions for you about your research?
f. How do the findings of the article compare with findings of other articles?
g. Did the author(s) have a particular bias or were they trying to reach a specific audience?

Annotated bibliographies are extremely useful when conducting research and they can save you

significant time when it comes to writing-up your research paper. Annotated bibliographies are

useful for the following reasons:

1. Annotated bibliographies force you to better understand your research topic, as they help you to
make connections to other literature and provide you with background information on your topic.

2. They help you logically organize the research that has been conducted on your topic and make
sense of it.

3. They help you with your statement of purpose—refining it and ensuring it is concise and clear.
4. They help you improve your research skills.
5. They pre




Why Choose Us

  • 100% non-plagiarized Papers
  • 24/7 /365 Service Available
  • Affordable Prices
  • Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
  • Will complete your papers in 6 hours
  • On-time Delivery
  • Money-back and Privacy guarantees
  • Unlimited Amendments upon request
  • Satisfaction guarantee

How it Works

  • Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
  • Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER DETAILS" section.
  • Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
  • Click “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
  • From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.