Read/review the following resources for this activity:
· Textbook: Chapters 7, 8
· Minimum of 2 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)
Narrated PowerPoint Tutorial
(Make sure to review this tutorial before you begin recording.)
For this week’s assignment respond to one of the following options, and include Option 1, 2, or 3 as part of your heading.
Option 1: The first option is to name and describe in detail a key specific and recent healthcare technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your approach to what a utilitarian and ethical egoist would say (each independently). Consider whether differing ethical beliefs globally might or not agree with what you say.
Option 2: In the second option, name and describe in detail a key specific and recent social technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your moral approach to what a utilitarian and social contract ethicist would say (each independently). Consider whether differing ethical beliefs globally might or not agree with what you say.
Option 3: John Doe, Patient One, is in late stage of kidney disease. If he does not receive a new kidney, then he is predicted to die within a week. Doe is 45, single, and has no children. Doctors theorize that Doe damaged his kidney by not following a low-salt diet. Doe inherited one million dollars and is known for giving money to charity. Without a transplant, he will probably be forced to spend all his money searching for a kidney outside of the usual legal channels. Patient Two is Jane Doe (no relation to John). Patient Two is a mother of two children (ages 21 and 24). She is divorced and 55 years old. She developed kidney problems due to eating a high-fat and high-sugar diet. If she does not receive a kidney within one month, doctors believe she will die. Patient Three is an orphan. This orphan lives in a state facility. She was born with a genetic condition that constantly damages her kidney. The only known approach to her condition is to provide her with a kidney transplant every so often. She is 11 and has already undergone two kidney transplants. She will perish in two months if she does not receive another transplant.
All three patients are at the same hospital. The hospital only has one kidney to give out. The orphan’s birth parents were known to be of a religion that is opposed to organ donation. The other patients come from religions that do not oppose organ donation. Who should get the kidney? Why should that candidate receive it over the others? Devise a course of social action and a solution for this case by using the ethics of egoism and then utilitarianism to a key moral conflict involving health care in this case. Appraise the interests of diverse populations (in terms
T he Elements of
Editions 5–9 by
02/19/18 10:03 AM
THE ELEMENTS OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, NINTH EDITION
Published by McGraw-Hill Education, 2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121.
Copyright © 2019 by McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. Printed
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Rachels,
Stuart, 1969- author. | Rachels, James, 1941-2003. Elements of moral
Title: The elements of moral philosophy / James Rachels, editions 5-9 by
Description: NINTH EDITION. | Dubuque, IA : McGraw-Hill Education,
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: LCCN 2017059417 | ISBN 9781259914256 (pbk. : alk. paper)
Subjects: LCSH: Ethics—Textbooks.
Classification: LCC BJ1012 .R29 2018 | DDC 170—dc23 LC record
available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2017059417
The Internet addresses listed in the text were accurate at the time of
publication. The inclusion of a website does not indicate an endorsement by
the authors or McGraw-Hill Education, and McGraw-Hill Education does
not guarantee the accuracy of the information presented at these sites.
02/19/18 10:03 AM
About the Authors
James Rachels (1941–2003) wrote The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality
(1986), Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism
(1990), Can Ethics Provide Answers? And Other Essays in Moral
Philosophy (1997), Problems from Philosophy (first edition, 2005), and The
Legacy of Socrates: Essays in Moral Philosophy (2007).
His website is www.jamesrachels.org.
stuaRt Rachels is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of
Alabama. He has revised several of James Rachels’ books, including
Problems from Philosophy as well as the compan
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