Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:
· Textbook: Chapter 5, 6
· Lesson
· Minimum of 2 scholarly sources (in addition to the course textbook)

This assignment is the first step in a three part project. You only need to focus on part one at this point. Each step will build on earlier steps. However, it is not a matter of providing a rough draft of all or even part of the entire project here in week three. That is, further steps might require completely new and original text.  At the same time, completing each step will aid you in completing a future step or future steps. And, you should use the same topic in all steps.
First, select a topic of moral controversy, debate, disagreement, and dispute, Examples of such topics are euthanasia, the death penalty, abortion, cloning, etc. You can pick any such topic. It need not be listed here.
Next, detail the positions of each side of the ethical debate. Note at least two moral reasons each side presents to show their view on the topic is correct.
Now, we want to evaluate these positions using the moral theories we studied this week:
· What would an Ethical Egoist say about this topic? What side would the Ethical Egoist take? What would the Ethical Egoist say to justify their moral position? Is there a conflict between loyalty to self and to community relevant to your topic? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
· What would a Social Contract Ethicist say about this topic? What side would the Social Contract Ethicist take? What would the Social Contract Ethicist say to justify their moral position? Does your topic involve a collision between personal obligations and national ones? If so, how so? Note what you feel is the best course of action.
Finally, reference and discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, or any other pertinent professional code. State whether and how your chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties.
Cite the textbook and incorporate outside sources, including citations.

Writing Requirements (APA format)

· Length: 3-4pages (not including title page or references page)
· 1-inch margins
· Double spaced
· 12-point Times New Roman font
· Title page
· References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook)

T he Elements of

Moral Philosophy


James Rachels

Editions 5–9 by

stuaRt Rachels

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Published by McGraw-Hill Education, 2 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121.
Copyright © 2019 by McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. Printed
in the United States of America. Previous editions

© 2015, 2012, and 2010. No part of this publication may be reproduced or
distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval
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including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or
transmission, or broadcast for distance learning.

Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be
available to customers outside the United States.

This book is printed on acid-free paper.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 LCR 21 20 19 18

ISBN 978-1-259-91425-6

MHID 1-259-91425-9

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All credits appearing on page or at the end of the book are considered to be
an extension of the copyright page.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Rachels,
Stuart, 1969- author. | Rachels, James, 1941-2003. Elements of moral

Title: The elements of moral philosophy / James Rachels, editions 5-9 by
Stuart Rachels.

Description: NINTH EDITION. | Dubuque, IA : McGraw-Hill Education,
2018. |

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Identifiers: LCCN 2017059417 | ISBN 9781259914256 (pbk. : alk. paper)
Subjects: LCSH: Ethics—Textbooks.

Classification: LCC BJ1012 .R29 2018 | DDC 170—dc23 LC record
available at

The Internet addresses listed in the text were accurate at the time of
publication. The inclusion of a website does not indicate an endorsement by

the authors or McGraw-Hill Education, and McGraw-Hill Education does
not guarantee the accuracy of the information presented at these sites.

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About the Authors

James Rachels (1941–2003) wrote The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality
(1986), Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism
(1990), Can Ethics Provide Answers? And Other Essays in Moral
Philosophy (1997), Problems from Philosophy (first edition, 2005), and The
Legacy of Socrates: Essays in Moral Philosophy (2007).

His website is

stuaRt Rachels is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of
Alabama. He has revised several of James Rachels’ books, including
Problems from Philosophy as well as the compan

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